History of Indian national anthem भारतीय राष्ट्रीय गान का इतिहास

Bengal used to be the capital of India till 1911. In 1905 when the people of Bengal got up in protest against the partition of Bengal against the partition of Bengal against the British, the British withdrew from Calcutta to save themselves and took the capital to Delhi and declared Delhi as the capital in 1911. . Were occupied from the time they rebelled over India then British invited India to the king of England that they should be quiet. King George VI of England came to India in 1911. There was pressure on Ravindranath Tagore that you have to write a song in the welcome of George V.


Rabindranath Tagore

Tagore’s family used to be close to the British at that time; many of his family used to work for the East India Company, his elder brother Avinindra Nath Tagore was the director of the Calcutta Division of the East India Company for a long time. . His family’s money was invested in the East India Company. And Ramendra Nath Tagore himself was very sympathetic to the British. The song that Rabindranath Tagore wrote with heart or symphony is, “Jana Gana Man Adhinayak Jay O Bharat Bhagya Vidhata” In all the words of this song, the words of King King Jorge Pancham are appreciated, after understanding the meaning, it will be known that it was written in the Khukmad of the English only.

The meaning of this national anthem is something like this: “The citizens of India, the people of India think of you as the destiny of India and believe that you are the superhero, you are the destiny of India. Hail! Every province of Punjab, Sindh, Gujarat, Maratha meaning Maharaja, Dravid means South India, Utkal means Orissa, Bengal etc. and whatever Nadiya Like Yamuna and Ganges, all these are happy, happy, happy, we get awake by your name and want blessings of your name. I praise your glory. O fate of India, the great hero (superhero) will be your hail. “Jorge Pancham came to India in 1911 and the song was sung in his welcome. When he went to England, he translated that Jan Gan Man into English, because when he was welcomed in this song in India he did not understand That was why this song was sung and what it means. When he heard the English translation, he said that nobody has done so much honor and so much pleasure in England till today. Ua. He ordered that whoever wrote this song for him (George V) be it called England. Rabindranath Tagore visited England.

George V was also the president of the Nobel Prize Committee at that time. He decided to confer the Nobel Prize to Rabindranath Tagore. So Ravindra Nath Tagore refused to accept the Nobel Prize. Why Gandhiji had very badly reprimanded Ravindranath Tagore for his song. Tagore said that if you want to give me the Nobel prize, then I have written a composition called Gitanjali, give it to me but do not vote on the name of this song and it should be propagated that the Nobel Prize I received has been written by Gitanjali Has been given above. Jorge Pancham Mann Gaya and Rabindra Nath Tagore were awarded the Nobel Prize in 1913 on the creation of Gitanjali. The sympathy of Rabindra Nath Tagore ended in 1919 when Jaldi was a scandal and Gandhiji wrote a letter to her about the language of abuse and said that when she still does not wear the English curtain with your eyes, then when will you get so much shirt of the British Gone, how did you become such a supporter of them? Then Gandhiji himself went to meet Ravinder Nath Tagore and the data that was very strong, so far you are immersed in the blind faith of the British? It was till then that Rabindranath Tagore woke up from his sleep. Tagore protested this and returned the Nobel Prize to the British rule.

Whatever Rabindra Nath Tagore wrote before 1919, it was in favor of the English government, and after 1919, his writings started against some of the British. Ravindra Nath Tagore’s brother-in-law Surendra Nath Banerjee lived in London and was an ICS officer. He wrote a letter to his brother-in-law (this is an incident since 1919). In it he has written that the song ‘Jana Gana Mana’ has been written by the British and I have been pressurized. The meaning of his words is not good. It is good to not sing this song. But in the end he wrote that this chitli is not shown to anyone because I want to keep it limited to you only, but whenever I get my death, tell everyone. After the death of Rabindranath Tagore on August 7, 1941, this letter was made public by Surendra Nath Banerjee, and he told the entire country that these people should not sing the song.

By 1941 the Congress Party had emerged a little. But it got divided into two camps. In which the supporters of a camp were Bal Gangadhar Tilak and the other was Moti Lal Nehru in the camp. Had differences over government formation. Moti Lal Nehru wanted that the government of independent India become a coalition government with the British. While Gangadhar Tilak used to say that to form government in collaboration with the British, it is to deceive the people of India. Due to this disagreement, Lokmanya Tilak left Congress and formed a hot party. The Congress has two parts. A soft crew and a hot crew.

Leaders of the aggressive party were revolutionaries like Lokmanya Tilak. He used to sing Vande Matram at every place. And the leader of the soft party was Moti Lal Nehru (here I make clear that Gandhiji had resigned from the lifetime membership of the Congress till that time, he was not on any side, but Gandhiji was respected for both sides because Gandhiji was living in the country. People were respected) But the soft parties mostly lived with the British.


NATIONAL ANTHEM – JANA GANA MANA

Stay with them, listen to them, join their meetings. Every time, they used to live in compromises with the British. The British used to get highly irritated from Vande Matram. The song “Jana Gana Mana” was sung in 1911 to stir the hot crew of soft parties and the hot party “Vande Matram” The soft parties were supporters of the British and the British did not like this song, on the sayings of the British, the soft parties blew a breeze that Muslims should not sing Vande Matram, because there is paganism (idol worship) in it. And you know that Muslims are a staunch opponent of idol worship. At that time a Muslim League was also formed, whose leader was Mohammad Ali Jinnah. They also started to oppose it because Jinnah was also an Indian (by that time) to see (at that time) the English, with his words, words and words, he also started to say this at the behest of the British and the Muslims refused to sing Vande Mataram . When India became independent in 1947, then Jawaharlal Nehru made politics into it. Constituent Assembly debates. Of the 319 constituencies out of 319, there were 318 MPs who agreed to accept Vande Mataram written by Bankim Babu for accepting the National Anthem.

Just a single parliamentarian did not consider this proposal. And that one MP was named Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. They argued that Vande Mataram song hurt the hearts of Muslims, so it should not be singed (Actually this song did not hurt the hearts of the British to the Muslims). Now who decides the fight, then they reached Gandhiji. Gandhiji said that I am neither in favor of mass gun and if you (Nehru) are not in favor of Vande Mataram, then a third song should be prepared. So Mahatma Gandhi gave the third option as the flag song “The triumphant World Tricolor cute flag high above ours” But Nehruji was not ready for that either.

Nehru argued that the flag can not ring on the orchestra and the jan gun man orchestra can ring. At that point of time, Nehru ji kept this issue up to the death of Gandhiji, and after his death, Nehru declared Jan Gan Man a national anthem and was imposed on forced Indians, whereas their words The meaning presents a different story, and the other side is not angry, so Vande Matram was made the national anthem but never went. Nehru did not want to do any such thing so that the heart of the British got hurt, how could he be so convinced of the Muslim who made Pakistan when the Muslims of this country did not want Pakistan, Priority was given because it was a song sung in the devotion of the British and Vande Mataram was left behind because this song was painful to the Angajas. The BBC did a survey. Whatever the people of India lived in, he asked them, which of the two songs you like more, 99% people said Vande Mataram The BBC’s survey showed that Vande Mataram was the second most popular song in the world. There are many countries whose people do not understand its lyrics, but they say that there is a sense of which the rhythm is created in it.

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